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Information about Hungary




Official language: Hungarian
Highest elevation above sea level: 1,014 m meter (3327 ft)
Climate: Continental

Founded in 1000 A.D., Hungary was subsequently a cornerstone of both the Ottoman and Habsburg empires and became a partner in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the mid-19th century. After a period of turmoil following World War I, an independent Kingdom of Hungary was established. However, after World War II, the country found itself under communist rule. An uprising against Soviet domination in 1956 was crushed by Red Army forces. Nonetheless, as a result, Hungary became the first Eastern European country to gain some economic freedom and in 1968 the authorities allowed limited de-centralization of the economy – which latter helped to smooth economic transition following the fall of communism. Within four years of the collapse of communism nearly half of the country's economic enterprises had been transferred to the private sector. Hungary was admitted to Nato in 1999 and the country joined the EU in May 2004.
A landlocked country, Hungary is home to Lake Balaton, the largest lake in central Europe, and to a large number of spa towns and hot springs. Hungary has rich traditions in folk and classical music and is the birthplace of numerous well loved performers and composers such as Franz Liszt, Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly.

 
Hosok tere 
Heroes' Square in Budapest
 
parlament 
The Hungarian Parliament in Budapest
 
Hungary is noted for its hearty, mildly spiced cuisine. Paprika is the ubiquitous ingredient – used more for its color and thickening qualities than its mild flavor. Potatoes are also a common feature in Hungarian dishes. Goulash is possibly the most famous Hungarian dish, although in Hungary it is a meaty soup, not a stew! Spicy fish soup is also very traditional, as is cold cherry soup (as a summer appetizer) and Jokai bean soup. Hungarian wine is experiencing a renaissance, the more famous being the sweet whites of Tokaji and the full bodied dry reds of Eger (Egri Bikaver). An unusual liqueur, and some would say an acquired taste is Zwack Unicum, a bitter made with some 40 herbs and taken as an aperitif.



Hungary is has bequeathed the world many of its modern day inventions including the match, the ball-point pen, the carburetor, the holograph, dynamo and the Rubik′s cube.

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